India – Geographical position

Climate of India

IndiaGeographical position

The primary part of the area of India ( * Indian e visa) is within the sub equatorial zone. The key feature of this location is tropical monsoons. Summer monsoon from the Indian Ocean brings down pours to India. They intensify at the begining of June on the western coast and in mid-June on the east coast. If moving over the Arabian Sea as well as the Bay of Bengal, the monsoons are saturating with moisture and move in a northwest way.



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Monsoon period

Rising over a Western Ghats and Assam Mountains, monsoons go at a pace of 5-7 m/s, leading to heavy rainfall. Thunder storms fall on the hills of the hills in June. But later they calm down, and during the time from late September to mid-October rain falls commonly, stop. From November to March, the dry northeastern monsoon blows through the land side. It makes the climate chilly and sunny.


Climatic seasons

According to data on thermal conditions, precipitation, and also winds, we can separate the calendar year in 3 major weather seasons.

In November – February, when the northeastern monsoon rules, it is chilly and sunshiny. In March, the temperature little by little increases.The dry season can last from the end of March to June. By the end of June, the humidity goes up. As well as the climate of Indian plains gets rainy.The period from July to mid-September will be the summer monsoon time. This is a moment of wet tropical climate. The south-westerly winds blend with high temperatures.October is a transitional time. The air humidity is high because of evaporation from the surface of the fields. Nevertheless the rains end.


Contrast climate

There are differences in temperature and also weather in several areas of India. The country covers a large area, and every location has another terrain. Therefore, in the Thardesert, the annual precipitation doesn’t exceed 100 mm. And at Cherapun jistation in the Khashi Mountains, it is around 10 770 mm of rainfall per year. It is one of the wettest places on Earth.

The monsoon climate is attribute of the shoreline of the Arabian Sea. The coldest time period is from December to February. Simultaneously, there is less rain. The hottest time is from May to June. But even great heat are tolerated very easily since the air is dried, relative humidity, even in the morning, doesn’t surpass 60%. Winds boost clouds of dust and also turn the horizon a dirty yellow.

The start the monsoon in June starts with the greater wind and cloud cover. The time can last until September. During most times of the month, it rains frequently and lightly. The monthly rainfall in the wettest month – July is much greater than 600 mm. Cloudy weather minimizes the temperature by 3-5 degrees.


Himalayan climate

In the mountains of the Himalayas, the climate depends on the height above sea level. Soat altitudes from 1500 to 2300 meters, from December to February, the average minimal temperature is from 0 to -3C (25 to 32F), and the average maximum temperature is +4 to +8C (40 to 45F).
The hottest period of the year lasts from June to August: the average minimum temperatureis +14 to +18C (55 to 65F), the average optimum temperatureis +29 to +30C (84 to 86F). The summer monsoon does not appear here. The smallest amount of rainfall is from September to November (25-35 mm per month), the highest in March (about 100 mm). As you can see, the climate of India varies greatly based on the region, its distance from the Ocean, and its altitude. We can not compare Himalayan climate to other areas of India. These mountain tops are very high and have a unique climate.

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